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IIs voice therapy an effective treatment for dysphonia?
A randomised controlled trial.
MacKenzie K, Millar A, Wilson JA, Sellars C, Deary IJ.
Department of Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER. kmk2x@clinm,ed.gla.ac.uk
OBJECTIVES: To assess the overall efficacy of voice therapy for dysphonia.
DESIGN: Single blind randomised controlled trial.
SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a teaching hospital. Participants: 204 outpatients aged 17-87 with a primary symptom of persistent hoarseness for at least two months.
INTERVENTIONS: After baseline assessments, patients were randomised to six weeks of either voice therapy or no treatment. Assessments were repeated at six weeks on the 145 (71%) patients who continued to this stage and at 12-14 weeks on the 133 (65%) patients who completed the study. The assessments at the three time points for the 70 patients who completed treatment and the 63 patients in the group given no treatment were compared.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ratings of laryngeal features, Buffalo voice profile, amplitude and pitch perturbation, voice profile questionnaire, hospital anxiety and depression scale, clinical interview schedule, SF-36.
RESULTS: Voice therapy improved voice quality as assessed by rating by patients (P=0.001) and rating by observer (P<0.001). The treatment effects for these two outcomes were 4.1 (95% confidence interval 1.7 to 6.6) points and 0.82 (0.50 to 1.13) points. Amplitude perturbation showed improvement at six weeks (P=0.005) but not on completion of the study. Patients with dysphonia had appreciable psychological distress and lower quality of life than controls, but voice therapy had no significant impact on either of these variables.
CONCLUSION: Voice therapy is effective in improving voice quality as assessed by self rated and observer rated methods.
BMJ 2001 Sep 22;323(7314):658-61
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